Understanding the GDPR: General Data Protection Regulation

The GDPR–or General Data Protection Regulation–is a regulation passed by the European Union on April 27, 2016, with an effective start date of May 25, 2018. Officially classified as regulation 2016/679, the GDPR expands upon and replaces the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC of 1995. It serves as the EU’s effort to synchronise and harmonise laws on citizen and resident … Continue reading Understanding the GDPR: General Data Protection Regulation

EU’s cities and regions share European Commission concerns over Polish government’s changes to laws on the judiciary

The European Committee of the Region has voiced its support for a decision by the European Commission to invoke Article 7 of the EU treaty against Poland, as there is "a clear risk of a serious breach of the rule of law”. In a resolution adopted on 1 February, the EU's assembly of local and … Continue reading EU’s cities and regions share European Commission concerns over Polish government’s changes to laws on the judiciary

Single Market: trading safe products across Europe

Question & Answers on the Commission proposals What is the Commission proposing and why? The free movement of goods is one of the building blocks of the EU Single Market. It means that companies can sell their products in any EU country without additional barriers. This creates new opportunities for businesses, but also gives consumers a wider … Continue reading Single Market: trading safe products across Europe

Brexit: European Commission recommends sufficient progress to the European Council (Article 50)

The European Commission has today recommended to the European Council (Article 50) to conclude that sufficient progress has been made in the first phase of the Article 50 negotiations with the United Kingdom. It is now for the European Council (Article 50) on 15 December 2017 to decide if sufficient progress has been made, allowing … Continue reading Brexit: European Commission recommends sufficient progress to the European Council (Article 50)

How the EU regulates medicines

Awareness session for international regulators and NGOs on the work of EMA and European medicines regulatory system. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) will host an awareness session to present the European Union’s (EU) medicines regulatory system and EMA’s role in it to international regulators and non-governmental organisations. A clear understanding of how medicines are regulated in … Continue reading How the EU regulates medicines

Security Union: Cracking down on the illegal import of cultural goods used to finance terrorism

The European Commission has today put forward new rules to clamp down on the illegal import and trafficking of cultural goods from outside the EU, often linked to terrorist financing and other criminal activity. Today's proposal marks one of the final steps set out in the Commission's action plan to strengthen the fight against terrorism financing. … Continue reading Security Union: Cracking down on the illegal import of cultural goods used to finance terrorism

An evaluation of the extent to which the Court of Justice of the European Union’s interpretation of Article 101 TFEU has been effective in tackling restrictive agreements.

The focus of this essay is to critically asses what Article 101 TFEU provides and analyse some important cases related to infringement of Article 101. It will also provide an evaluation of the Court of Justice of the European Union’s (CJEU) interpretation of the article in question, and measures adopted to tackle agreements restricting competition. … Continue reading An evaluation of the extent to which the Court of Justice of the European Union’s interpretation of Article 101 TFEU has been effective in tackling restrictive agreements.