Judgment in Case C-645/16 Comseils et mise en relations (CMR) SARL v Demeures terre et tradition SARL In 2011, DTT concluded a commercial agency contract with CMR under which CMR was required to sell 25 individual houses per year on behalf of DTT. That contract provided for a 12 month trial period during which each … Continue reading Commercial agents are entitled to the indemnity and compensation provided for even if termination of the agency contract occurs during the trial period
By decision of 28 March 2012, the Commission imposed fines amounting in total to €169 million on a number of companies by reason of their participation, in periods between 2002 and 2007, in various agreements and concerted practices on the market for international air freight forwarding services. Those services included the organisation of transportation of … Continue reading The Court of Justice upholds the fines imposed by the Commission on companies for their participation in cartels in the international air freight
The Court of Justice of the European Union has taken a number of significant steps to improve its case handling over recent years, but further improvements could still be made, according to a new performance review by the European Court of Auditors. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) consists of two Courts: … Continue reading Court of Justice of the EU: case handling improved, but more active management needed, say Auditors
The compensation payable to passengers in the event of cancellation or long delay of a connecting flight must be calculated according to the radial distance between the departure and arrival airports. The fact that the distance actually covered by such a flight is, as a result of the connection, greater than the distance between the … Continue reading Judgment in Case C-559/16 Birgit Bossen, Anja Bossen and Gudula Gräßmann v Brussels Airlines SA/NV
The focus of this essay is to critically asses what Article 101 TFEU provides and analyse some important cases related to infringement of Article 101. It will also provide an evaluation of the Court of Justice of the European Union’s (CJEU) interpretation of the article in question, and measures adopted to tackle agreements restricting competition. … Continue reading An evaluation of the extent to which the Court of Justice of the European Union’s interpretation of Article 101 TFEU has been effective in tackling restrictive agreements.
To gain a better understanding about the basic principles and mechanism of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is important to mention CJEU’s main role which is, ‘ensuring EU law is interpreted and applied the same in every EU country; ensuring countries and EU institutions abide by EU law.’ To put it broadly, … Continue reading The development by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) of the doctrine of supremacy