Yesterday, the European Commission decided to take the next step in an ongoing infringement procedure against Poland, by sending a reasoned opinion regarding the new disciplinary regime for Polish judges. On 3 April 2019, the Commission launched this infringement procedure on the grounds that the new disciplinary regime undermines the judicial independence of Polish judges and … Continue reading European Commission takes new step to protect judges in Poland against political control
Today, the Commission set out how it will adapt its calculation method when proposing financial sanctions to the Court of Justice of the EU in infringement proceedings. Enforcement of EU law by the Commission will continue to be vigorous, balanced and fair to all Member States. When the Commission refers a Member State to the … Continue reading Infringements: Commission adapts its calculation methodology for financial sanctions
The European Commission and the United Kingdom's negotiators have reached an agreement on the entirety of the Withdrawal Agreement of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, as provided for under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The Withdrawal Agreement establishes the … Continue reading Brexit Negotiations: What is in the Withdrawal Agreement
Today, the European Commission decided to send a Reasoned Opinion to Poland regarding the Polish law on the Supreme Court. The new Polish law on the Supreme Court lowers the retirement age of Supreme Court judges from 70 to 65, which puts 27 out of 72 sitting Supreme Court judges at risk of being forced … Continue reading Rule of Law: European Commission takes next step in infringement procedure to protect the independence of the Polish Supreme Court
There are three keywords in this topic: European integration, European citizenship and internal market; hence it is both appropriate and necessary to approach the question through examining these concepts and their evolution within the European Union (EU) framework. The main aspect to be considered is the actual development of the European Union in what the … Continue reading Parallel to the deepening of European Integration, a new role of European Citizenship has been created that goes far beyond just economic participation in the internal market.