Antitrust: European Commission fines car safety equipment suppliers € 368 million in cartel settlement

The European Commission has fined Autoliv and TRW a total of € 368 277 000 for breaching EU antitrust rules. Takata was not fined as it revealed the cartels to the Commission. The companies took part in two cartels for the supply of car seatbelts, airbags and steering wheels to European car producers. All three … Continue reading Antitrust: European Commission fines car safety equipment suppliers € 368 million in cartel settlement

European Commission report finds active competition enforcement contributes to affordable and innovative medicines

The European Commission has published a report showing that active competition law enforcement, at EU and national level, in the pharmaceutical sector contributes to delivering more affordable medicines and more choice to patients and healthcare systems, and promotes further innovation. Margrethe Vestager, Commissioner in charge of competition policy, said “Giving European patients and healthcare systems access … Continue reading European Commission report finds active competition enforcement contributes to affordable and innovative medicines

European Commission fines Mastercard €570 million for obstructing merchants’ access to cross-border card payment services

The European Commission has fined the card scheme Mastercard €570 566 000 for limiting the possibility for merchants to benefit from better conditions offered by banks established elsewhere in the Single Market, in breach of EU antitrust rules. Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, in charge of competition policy, said: “European consumers use payment cards every day, when they buy … Continue reading European Commission fines Mastercard €570 million for obstructing merchants’ access to cross-border card payment services

Antitrust: European Commission fines Guess €40 million for anti-competitive agreements to block cross-border sales

The European Commission today fined the clothing company Guess €39 821 000 for restricting retailers from online advertising and selling cross-border to consumers in other Member States ("geo-blocking"), in breach of EU competition rules. Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, in charge of competition policy, said: "Guess' distribution agreements tried to prevent EU consumers from shopping in other Member States … Continue reading Antitrust: European Commission fines Guess €40 million for anti-competitive agreements to block cross-border sales

Antitrust: Commission fines four consumer electronics manufacturers for fixing online resale prices

The European Commission today fined, in four separate decisions, consumer electronics manufacturers Asus, Denon & Marantz, Philips and Pioneer for imposing fixed or minimum resale prices on their online retailers in breach of EU competition rules. The fines totalling over €111 million were in all four cases reduced due to the companies' cooperation with the … Continue reading Antitrust: Commission fines four consumer electronics manufacturers for fixing online resale prices

Antitrust: Commission fines Scania €880 million for participating in trucks cartel

The European Commission has found that Scania broke EU antitrust rules. It colluded for 14 years with five other truck manufacturers on truck pricing and on passing on the costs of new technologies to meet stricter emission rules. The Commission has imposed a fine of €880 523 000 on Scania. In July 2016, the Commission reached … Continue reading Antitrust: Commission fines Scania €880 million for participating in trucks cartel

An evaluation of the extent to which the Court of Justice of the European Union’s interpretation of Article 101 TFEU has been effective in tackling restrictive agreements.

The focus of this essay is to critically asses what Article 101 TFEU provides and analyse some important cases related to infringement of Article 101. It will also provide an evaluation of the Court of Justice of the European Union’s (CJEU) interpretation of the article in question, and measures adopted to tackle agreements restricting competition. … Continue reading An evaluation of the extent to which the Court of Justice of the European Union’s interpretation of Article 101 TFEU has been effective in tackling restrictive agreements.